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Recent Projects

European Regional Monitoring Agency (EURRMA) - RVSM Approvals

The European Regional Monitoring Agency (RMA) is responsible for the safety oversight of aircraft operations in European Reduced Vertical Separation Minima airspace (RVSM).  

The RMA has 3 major activities in respect of this responsibility; monitoring aircraft height keeping performance taking appropriate action when technical thresholds are exceeded; verification of the approval status of aircraft operating within the airspace; and estimation of the probability of an incident due to technical and operational risks.

The RMA manages the operation of 3 EUROCONTROL Height Monitoring Units (HMU) in Europe (Equipment located in 5 countries).  These provide the bulk of the data for height keeping performance and technical risk analysis.  The HMU systems employ passive multi lateration techniques to determine raw aircraft position from aircraft data transmissions.  EUROCONTROL has developed a real time data processing system, the Total Vertical Error Monitoring Unit (TMU) to determine the various height keeping performance characteristics of aircraft from the raw HMU data plots.

RVSM approval status is verified by comparing aircraft registrations and/or ICAO 24-bit addresses from flight plans and height monitoring results against a central database of approvals maintained by the RMA.  Approval data is submitted by individual ECAC member states and RMAs from other RVSM regions.

Height monitoring data and operational incident reports are evaluated to determine the probability of collision risk, the results of which are presented in an annual Safety Monitoring Report (SMR) submitted to the European Air Navigation Planning Group.

Project: PACS

Within the wider PACS project (Repository Database of information on European airports), Case Study for Milan Malpensa Airport carried out in cooperation with ENAV S.p.A (Italian Air Navigation Service Provider).

Within the PACS project, Andrej Němec developed a tool using MATLAB-Simulink for the statistical analysis of METAR weather reports, with the objective of optimising airport capacity and limiting runway capacity drops due to low visibility.

  • Project management

  • Requirements engineering

  • Software development

  • Test management

Project: Study on Fatigue in Business Aviation

Fatigue is a physiological state of reduced mental or physical performance capability resulting from sleep loss or extended wakefulness and/or physical activity that can impair a crew member’s alertness and ability to safely operate an aircraft or perform safety related duties. Fatigue can be further divided into Transient, Cumulative and Circadian. In Business Aviation, different operational patterns lead to different fatigue risks.


The main goal of the “Study on Fatigue in Business Aviation” was that of conducting real flight trials of business aviation operated aircraft, collecting and analysing a dataset to determine the effects of the different aspects of unscheduled duties and rostering (unscheduled flights are typical for business operations) on pilot fatigue/alertness, and the proposal of  scientifically based mitigation measures to prevent fatigue from reducing alertness to unsafe levels or adversely affecting the health of aircrew. In the role of Manager Safety and Rulemaking in this project, Andrej Němec was in charge as project leader for the whole duration of the project life cycle, (Project management, Quality management, business requirements analysis, drafting of Technical Specifications for the initial tender, selection of the proposals, organisation of flight trials and data gathering, supervision of data gathering and analysis of the final results).

Project: E-CASE

European Commission Regulation 376/2014 on the reporting, analysis and follow-up of occurrences in civil aviation requires that safety information is “reported, collected, stored, protected, exchanged, disseminated, and analysed, and that safety actions are taken on the basis of the information collected where appropriate”, whereby the objective is “the prevention of accidents and incidents and not to attribute blame or liability”.

With the E-CASE project, EBAA proposed itself as a central point to establish a European platform for Business Aviation in which operators, pilots, crew and regulators could anonymous post safety data, share information about common safety concerns, submit voluntary safety occurrence reports and FDM data and interact with one another. The goal was that of creating a trusted community where all participants are encouraged to share data and ideas for the sake of improving safety and can do so comfortably because of the anonymity of the information.

In the E-CASE project, Andrej Němec was project leader and led the coordination of Business Aviation operators in gathering the requirements of the future tool.

  • Project management

  • Quality management

  • Requirements engineering

Project: R&D for a GNSS Dual Frequency Multipath Model for Aviation

Drafting of Tender Specifications for the “R&D for a GNSS Dual Frequency Multipath Model for Aviation” project, a R&D project with a 1.75 million Euro budget launched by the DG GROW in September 2017. This project has multiple objectives, as outlined below:

The first objective is to build and validate a Dual Frequency Multipath Model for Aviation, which will be a fundamental element to provide Navigation Services through ARAIM and SBAS Dual Frequency. The Dual-Frequency model will cover the Galileo E1/E5a frequencies and the GPS L1/L5 frequencies. In addition, a model will be also evaluated and validated to cover single frequency cases GPS L5, Galileo E1 and Galileo E5a. Finally all models will be compared against the currently used model (Appendix J.2.4 Variance of Airborne Receiver Errors of RTCA SC-159 DO-229D). Validation of the model is to include real flight test campaigns with various aircraft types, each of them representative of the existing aircraft categories and the different behaviours of airframe multipath. GNSS signal measurements will be taken in all phases of flight (take-off, initial climb, en-route climb, cruise, descent, approach, landing and roll-out).

The second objective is to contribute to the preparation of the corresponding standards at the appropriate standardisation bodies. In this respect, standardisation activities in the frame of RTCA SC-159 and EUROCAE WG-62, in which the European Commission and the European GNSS Agency are involved, are currently ongoing (update of Minimum Operational Performance Specification for Galileo / Global Positioning System / Satellite-Based Augmentation System L1/L5 Airborne Equipment and standardisation of dual-frequency multi-constellation SBAS receivers).

Project: Tasking support for ECAC Airspace Management 2018 – 2021

The purpose of this EUROCONTROL contract is to provide tasking support to the EUROCONTROL DNM/COO/NOM/OPL/PRO Unit for the activities under the framework of the assistance that the team delivers to ECAC States in Airspace Management.

NEMAND Aviation Consulting provided tasking support to:

  • Analyze available data/information on the Flexible Use of Airspace (FUA) application and operational performance,

  • Provide comprehensive analysis and evaluation from an Airspace Management expert perspective of States’ reporting on the application of FUA,

  • Support the development of lines of action based on Network Strategic Project “Airspace Management and Advanced FUA”,

  • Provide support to FABs Post Ops Analysis for the ASM/ATFCM processes, and

  • Support the management of technical ASM improvements expected with Network Manager (NM) releases.

Project: VLD Project Management Coordination Support

The purpose of this EUROCONTROL contract is to provide tasking support to the EUROCONTROL NMD/ACD/PCI Unit for coordinating all NM development/implementation projects. The aim is to ensure complementarity of work, alignment with the approved strategic direction (NSP), and support project leaders in identifying cross-project interdependencies and overlaps. This coordination function will be facilitated by tools that generate roadmaps and reporting materials. Additionally, the NMD/NSD/PCI Unit directly leads several strategic projects, including Advance Flexible Use of Airspace (AFUA), Flight Plan and Flight Data (FPFDE), Cooperative Traffic Management (CTM), and nCONECT. These projects are responsible for planning, consultation, and implementing agreed improvement solutions in areas such as ATFCM, Flight Planning, Flight Data exchanges, and NM service interfaces (HMI, B2B). These improvements align with NM's role as defined in the NMF-IR and are guided by ICAO, PCP/CP1, and the Deployment Manager, as outlined in the Network Strategy Plan..

NEMAND Aviation Consulting is providing Tasking support to:

  • Monitor the evolution of PCP/CP1 CEF awarded NM projects managed by PCI Unit,

  • Annual reporting for the SDM on the progress of CEF awarded NM projects managed by PCI Unit,

  • Support Head of PCI Unit for the management of strategic projects,

  • Organize support activities for SESAR validation,

  • Provide technical support for the ASM/ATFCM integration process development,

  • Provide technical support for the improved Flight Efficiency project.

Project: Technical Support for the Execution and Monitoring of the Network Strategy Plan (NSP) and Relevant CONOPS

NEMAND Aviation Consulting's partnership with EUROCONTROL involves a critical role in enhancing Air Traffic Management (ATM) strategies. Our responsibilities include comprehensive maintenance and monitoring of the Network Strategy Plan (NSP) to ensure its effective implementation. Additionally, we oversee the high-level Network CONOPS, aligning it with the ATM Master Plan for seamless integration. Our tasks further extend to performing detailed Cost Benefit and Performance Analyses for strategic network documents.

NEMAND Aviation Consulting is dedicated to providing specialized support in several key areas for the EUROCONTROL project. These tasks include:

  • Updating and maintaining the Network Strategy Plan (NSP),

  • Monitoring the execution of the NSP, 

  • Maintaining and monitoring high-level Network CONOPS,

  • Aligning Network Strategic Documents with ATM Master Plan (ATMMP),

  • Preparing Cost Benefit and Performance Analysis for Network Strategic documents.

These efforts aim to enhance EUROCONTROL's strategic and operational capabilities in ATM, ensuring efficient and effective implementation of aviation strategies and concepts.

NIAG Study Group 289 on Precision Approach & Landing Systems – Future Technologies

The NIAG (NATO Industrial Advisory Group) Study Group 289 embarked on a comprehensive examination of future technologies for Precision Approach and Landing Systems (PALS) within NATO operations. This pivotal study aimed to uncover and evaluate advanced technological solutions capable of enhancing the safety, resilience, and efficiency of military aircraft during the critical phases of approach and landing. The initiative addressed the necessity for PALS to operate reliably across a spectrum of operational scenarios, including peacetime, crisis conditions, and potential conflict environments. Collaborating with an international coalition of defense organizations and industry partners, the study group undertook an extensive exploration of emerging technologies. Through this collaborative effort, the study identified innovative solutions that promise to significantly improve the precision and reliability of approach and landing operations. The findings of the study are intended to guide the strategic direction of NATO’s PALS, ensuring alignment with the evolving demands of air traffic management and enhancing the operational readiness of military aviation assets.

NEMAND Aviation Consulting's contribution to the NIAG Study Group 289 is focused on advancing Precision Approach and Landing Systems (PALS) through several critical avenues:

  • Engaging in the comprehensive evaluation and exploration of innovative technologies for PALS, aimed at ensuring secure and resilient operations across varying conditions including peace, crisis, and potential conflict scenarios,

  • Collaborating with an international consortium of companies and defense organizations from NATO member states, leveraging collective expertise to enhance the survivability and effectiveness of military aviation platforms, 

  • Identifying cutting-edge solutions that promise to revolutionize PALS, emphasizing the development of technologies that enable reliable and precise aircraft landings under diverse operational circumstances,

  • Providing specialized knowledge in aerospace technologies and defense systems, thereby contributing significantly to the strategic direction of future advancements in NATO's approach and landing capabilities,

  • Facilitating a knowledge exchange platform that incorporates insights from global leaders in the aerospace and defense sectors, setting the stage for groundbreaking enhancements in NATO's PALS.

These efforts highlight NEMAND's commitment to supporting NIAG and NATO's strategic endeavors, demonstrating a dedication to the effective and significant advancement of aviation strategies and concepts within the alliance's framework.

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